Abdominoplasty or abdominal surgery which is also known as abdominal changes is an operation to remove excess fats and skin of the abdominal region. To perform this operation the patient needs to keep his/her weight steady for 6 months prior to the operation so any measures to reduce before the operation has to be done before those 6 months.
This has to be done either as a minor plastic surgery or a complete plastic surgery. In the minor plastic surgery method, the fats are removed through a small incision that is made but in the complete plastic surgery method, more fat is removed through a bigger incision and the excess skin of the abdomen is removed.

Generally, the shape of abdomen depends on the following elements:

  1. The shape of ribs and the bony skeleton in the spinal vertebrae region
  2. Firmness or looseness of the muscles.
  3. The integrity and condition of the skin.
  4. The amount of obesity in the internal abdomen

By performing the abdominoplasty surgery such deformations are treatable to some extent and best results are achieved treating loose skins. There are 3 muscles around the abdomen and lumbago region and one muscle in the frontal region of the abdomen. Their presence is vital for the maintenance of the body’s balance and functioning of the intestines.

Performing this operation can correct the following issues:

Abdominal muscles: Ageing, increase in weight and other elements such as the number of pregnancies in ladies causes the frontal abdominal muscles to become prominent and bulgy which can be straightened and hardened by this operation.
Excess skin: Looseness and dropping of the skin and its cracks and the scars of the previous operations can also be corrected with this operation.
Sub-cutaneous fat: By performing this operation the excess sub-cutaneous fat is removed from the lumbago region, waists and above the belly button which reduces the thickness of the skin to 1 to 1.5 centimeters.

Most people seek to have strong and firm abdomens and work hard for it. Having an abdominoplasty surgery would help in shaping and hardening these muscles. During pregnancy the abdominal muscles are separated from the midline and skin is stretched due to the enlargement of the abdomen. In most cases the skin reverts back to its normal or primary position but muscles cannot. The patient can facilitate this process by means of physical exercise and maintaining the diet.
Genetics and hereditary factors can also affect abdominal tissues as a result of aging. Having vigorous weight losses after surgery can also lead to the addition of skin which in turn would result in displacement of fat due to deformation of muscles and loosening of skin.

In order to have an abdominoplasty surgery the patient needs to:

  • Have a stable physical health and keep their weight steady.
  • Have excess or loose skin in the stomach.
  • Have an inappropriate abdomen comparing to other parts of the body.
  • Have excess fat in the abdomen.
  • Not to have any irrational or unreal expectations.
  • Be a Non-smoker
  • Be among the ladies who have skin and muscular complications after delivery.
  • Have severe loosening and dropping of abdominal skin and muscles after vigorous weight loos.
  • Have loosening of muscles and dropping of skin after weight loss operation.

The patient should note not to have illogical and unreal expectations.